Notes on the Hebrew Text of the Book of Kings by C.F. Burney

Solomon greeting the Queen of Sheba – gate of Florence Baptistry. Source: Wikipedia

Rev. Charles Fox Burney [1868–1925] was a lecturer in Hebrew at the University of Oxford, becoming Oriel Professor of the Interpretation of Holy Scripture in 1914. This work is effectively a commentary on the Hebrew text of the Books of 1 & 2 Kings.

I had thought, once again, that I would save time by using an on-line text, but on closer examination the one I had chosen had missing and blurred pages and took extra work to correct.

Charles Fox Burney [1868-1925], Notes on the Hebrew Text of the Book of Kings with an Introduction and Notes. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1903. Hbk. pp.384. [Click to visit the download page]

Table of Contents


  1. Structure of Kings
  2. Characteristics of the Chief Ancient Versions of Kings
  3. The Synchrinisms of the Compiler

List of Abbreviations

Notes on 1 Kings

Notes on 2 Kings


  1. Inscription of Mesha’, King of Moab
  2. The Siloam Inscription
  3. Inscription of the Monolith of Shalmanezer II, II. 78-102
  4. Fragment of the Annals of Shalmeneser II. Descriptive Inscription from the Obleish of Shalmanser
  5. Narrative of Sennacherib’s Third Campaign (B.C. 701) from the Taylor Cylinder, Col. II. I. 34-Col. III.I.41



Introduction: The Structure of Kings

The fact that Kings, like the other historical books of the Old Testament, is based upon pre-existing written sources is universally recognized; and the evidence upon which this elementary proposition is based need not here be set forth. That the main editor or compiler of these sources was a Deuteronomist, i.e. that his work was inspired by the religious revival which took place in the eighteenth year of Josiah (B.C. 621) under the influence of the newly discovered book of Deuteronomy, appears both from his religious standpoint and from his phraseology. This editor is therefore hereinafter cited under the symbol RD (Deuteronomic Redactor).

To RD is due the stereotyped form into which the introduction and conclusion of a reign is thrown, and which constitutes, as it were, the framework upon which the narrative as a whole is built. The regularity of the method of RO in the construction of this framework is worthy of special notice.

“New Commentary on Genesis” by Franz Delitzsch

Franz Delitzsch [1813-1890
Franz Delitzsch [1813-1890
This commentary on Genesis is not to be confused with the joint work with C.F. Keil and is still considered a valuable resource for Bible students. Several people had suggested making use of material that is already available on-line rather than scanning books myself. I thought I had found a good quality scan of this two-volume set, but soon found that the text required centering, cleaning up, and – in one place – repairing. Overall, I doubt if scanning a hard copy would have taken any less time.

Franz Delitzsch [1813-1890], A New Commentary on Genesis, Vol. 1. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1888. Hbk. pp.412. [Click to visit the download page]

Franz Delitzsch [1813-1890], A New Commentary on Genesis, Vol. 2. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1889. Hbk. pp.408. [Click to visit the download page]


Criticism at present fixes the date of the main bulk of the Pentateuch, the so-called Priest Codex, together with the Law of Holiness, which has so striking a relation to Ezekiel, at the time of the captivity and the restoration under Ezra and Nehemiah. The Book of Deuteronomy however presupposes the primary legislation contained in Ex. xix.-xxiv. and the work of the Jehovistic historian. Hence we cannot avoid relegating the origin of certain component parts of the Pentateuch to the middle ages of the kings; and, if we continue our critical analysis, we find ourselves constrained to go back still farther, perhaps even to the times of the Judges, and thus to tread the soil of a hoar antiquity without incurring the verdict of lack of scientific knowledge. Even those who insist upon transferring the conception of the account of the creation in Gen. i 1-ii. 4, and of the primaeval histories…

Africa Journal of Evangelical Theology 2012-2015 now on-line

Africa Journal of Evangelical hosts the on-line archive of the Africa Journal of Evangelical Theology. I have just uploaded the 2012 through 2015 issues which are all available for free download here.

Table of Contents

Vol. 31 (2012)

Andrew Wildsmith, “AIDS and Theology: Introduction,” 31.1 (2012): 1-3.

Samuel Ngewa, “Who is the Neighbour? An Application of Luke 10:30-37 to the HIV and AIDS Crisis,” 31.1 (2012): 5-9.

Diane Stinton, “‘Into Africa’: Contextual Research Methods for Theology and HIV and AIDS in Africa,” 31.1 (2012): 11-24.

Priscilla Adoyo, “Sexual Issues, HIV/AIDS, and the Role of the Church,” 31.1 (2012): 25-31.

Nkansah-Obrempong, “Theology and HIV and AIDS,” 31.1 (2012): 33-42.

Mary Getui/E. Odongi, “Gender Issues in Relation to HIV and AIDS,” 31.1 (2012): 43-48.

Peter Okaalet, “The Church and AIDS in Africa: Towards a Spiritual Answer,” 31.1 (2012): 49-59.

John Chaplin, “Some New Perspectives and Advances on HIV and AIDS Prevention and Treatment,” 31.1 (2012): 61-66.

Keith Ferdinando, “Evil and AIDS: An African Perspective,” 31.1 (2012): 67-84.

Rich Harrell/Committee, “Theological Perspective on HIV and AIDS: Summary statements,” 31.1 (2012): 85-86.

“Resources and Books,” 31.1 (2012): 87-88.

Editorial, “Controversy in Politics, Ideology, Theology and the Church,” 31.2 (2012): 89.

Judith L. Hill, “The New Testament and Political Democracy,” 31.2 (2012): 91-104.

Timothy M. Njoya, “Church and Politics: With Aspects Relating to Governance, Public Policy and Ethnicity,” 31.2 (2012): 105-114.

Joseph B.O. Okello, “The Pastors, Politics and People of Kenya,” 31.2 (2012): 115-122.

Patrick U. Nwosu, “The Ideal State in Jesus’ Ministry and Contemporary Nigeria.” 31.2 (2012): 123-130.

Tersur Aben, “Is Postmodernism Coherent?” 31.2 (2012): 131-138.

Mark Olander, “Creative Teaching Methods in Theological Education,” 31.2 (2012): 139-143.

Danny McCain, “Pentecostals and Others: Challenging and Learning from Each Other,” 31.2 (2012): 145-169.

“Book Reviews,” 31.2 (2012): 171-175.

“Books Received,” 31.2 (2012): 176.

Vol. 32 (2013)

“Editorial: Not as Easy as it Looks: Leadership and the Church,” 32.1 (2013): 1.

“Contributors to AJET 32.1 2013,” 32.1 (2013): 2.

Elizabeth Mburu, “Leadership – Isolation, Absorption of Engagement: Paul, The Paradigmatic Role Model,” 32.1 (2013): 3-19.

Julius Muthengi, “Effective Mentoring and its Implications for Student Personal and Professional Development,” 32.1 (2013): 21-36.

Lois Semenye, “Spiritual Formation of Christian Leaders,” 32.1 (2013): 37-46.

Daryll Stanton, “Developing Good Church Leadership Habits,” 32.1 (2013): 47-59.

Danny McCain, “Addressing Urban Problems Through Kingdom Theology: The ‘Apostles in the Market Place’ Model in Lagos, Nigeria,” 32.1 (2013): 61-80.

“Books Reviews,” 32.1 (2013): 81-87.

“Books Received,” 32.1 (2013): 88.

“Editorial: The Bible and its Cultural Context,” 32.2 (2013): 89.

“Contributors to AJET 32.2 2013,” 32.2 (2013): 90.

Joel H. Songela, “Divorce and Remarriage in Scripture,” 32.2 (2013): 91-106.

Kojo Okyere, “The Pedagogy of Sexual Morality in Proverbs Five,” 32.2 (2013): 107-119.

Joel K.T. Biwul, “Preaching Biblically in the Nigerian Prosperity Gospel Context,” 32.2 (2013): 121-134.

Luvuyo Ntombana, “Reconciliation between the BCSA and the BUSA from a Biblical Perspective,” 32.2 (2013): 135-150.

Emmanuel Amoafo, “Improving African Christian Leadership: A Biblical View,” 32.2 (2013): 153-159.

“Book Reviews,” 32.2 (2013): 161-175.

Vol. 33 (2014)

“Editorial: Transforming African Christian Theology,” 33.1 (2014): 1.

“Contributors to AJET 33.1 2014,” 33.1 (2014): 2.

David Kirwa Tarus, “Social Transformation in The Circle of Concerned African Women Theologians,” 33.1 (2014): 3-22.

Fabulous Moyo & Erwin van der Meer, “The Christian Church and Witchcraft Accusations in Africa,” 33.1 (2014): 23-40.

Georgette Short, “Satan and Demons in Popular Christian Theology,” 33.1 (2014): 41-56.

Timothy P. Palmer, “African Christian Theology: A New Paradigm,” 33.1 (2014): 57-66.

Philip Tachin, “Humanity Made in the Image of God: Towards Ethnic Unity in Africa,” 33.1 (2014): 67-82.

“Book Reviews,” 33.1 (2014): 83-88.

“Editorial: The Magic of Money and Ministry,” 33.2 (2014): 89.

“Contributors to AJET 33.2 2014,” 33.2 (2014): 90.

Gift Mtukwa, “A Reconsideration of Self-Support in Light of Paul’s “Collection for the Saints” (1 Cor. 16:1),” 33.2 (2014): 91-106.

Rosemary W. Mbogo, “Financial Sustainability in Ministry,” 33.2 (2014): 107-122.

Rodney Reed, “Giving to Caesar What is Caesar’s: The Ethics of Paying Taxes from a Christian Perspective, Part One: The Bible,” 33.2 (2014): 123-145.

Andrew G. Wildsmith, “The Ideal Life, Jesus, and Prosperity Theology,” 33.2 (2014): 147-164.

“Book Reviews,” 33.2 (2014): 165-174.

“Books Received,” 33.2 (2014): 175-176.

Vol. 34 (2015)

“Editorial: Changes and Choices,” 34.1 (2015): 1.

“Contributors to AJET 34.1 2015,” 34.1 (2015): 2.

Stephanie Black, “Key Hermeneutical Questions for African Evangelicals Today,” 34.1 (2015): 3-33.

Stefan Höschele, “To Baptize or Not to Baptize? Adventists and Polygamous Converts,” 34.1 (2015): 35-50.

Rodney Reed, “Giving to Caesar What is Caesar’s: The Ethics of Paying Taxes from a Christian Perspective, Part Two: Tradition, Reason and Experience,” 34.1 (2015): 51-68.

Gregg Okesson, “God and Development: Doxology in African Christianity,” 34.1 (2015): 69-84.

“Book Review,” 34.1 (2015): 85-88.

“Editorial: Improving Christian Education in Churches and Colleges,” 34.2 (2015): 89.

“Contributors to AJET 34.2 2015,” 34.2 (2015): 90.

Mary Mwangi, “Augustine’s Educational Theories and Practices and Church Education Today,” 34.2 (2015): 91-107.

Joseph Bangura, “Tracking the Maze of Theological Education in Sierra Leone: An Evangelical Perspective,” 34.2 (2015): 109-126.

Benjamin Musyoka, “Financial Sustainability in Christian Higher Education in Africa,” 34.2 (2015): 127-136.

Janice Rasmussen, “Transformed by the Renewing of Your Mind: Exploring Change in International Students at Africa International University,” 34.2 (2015): 137-157.

Benjamin Musyoka, “The Integration of Faith and Learning: Aligning Values and Intentionality with the Mind of God,” 34.2 (2015): 159-171.

“Book Review,” 34.2 (2015): 173-176.