Commentary on Romans by David Brown

David Brown [1803-1897], The Epistle to the Romans with Introduction and Notes

David Brown’s commentary on Romans is part of the handbooks for Bible Classes and Private Students series. My thanks to Book Aid for providing a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

David Brown [1803-1897], The Epistle to the Romans with Introduction and Notes. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1950. Hbk. pp.152. [Click to visit the Romans page for the download link for this title and other free resources]

Table of Contents

Introduction

  1. Authenticity of the Epistle
  2. The Traing of the Writer
  3. When and Where this Epistle was Written
  4. Origin of the Roman Church
  5. Was the Roman Church a Jewish or a Gentle Church
  6. The Plan and Character of this Epistle
  • Address and Salutation
  • Theme of the Epistle
  • Salvation needed alike by all, and first, by the whole gentile world
  • The Jew under condemnation no less than the gentile
  • Jewish objections answered
  • The doctrine of justification by faith illustrated from the Old Testament
  • The blessedness of the justified
  • Comparison and contrast between Adam and Christ in their relation to the human family
  • The fruits of justification in the new life
  • The completedness of them that are in Christ Jesus stretching over all time into eternity
  • The true Israel has not been rejected—How Israel after the flesh has has fallen—and how, in the case of both, and in the calling of the Gentiles, the word of God has taken effect
  • The ultimate infringing of all israel to form, with the Gentiles, one kingdom of God on the earth
  • Christian service
  • Political and Social Relations
  • Christian Forbearance
  • Conclusion

International Critical Commentary on Romans

William Sanday [1843-1920] & Arthur Cayley Headlam [1862-1947], A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans

William Sanday and Arthur Headlam’s Commentary on Romans is often recommended as being one of the best in the International Critical Commentary old series. Even if you have the replacement by C.E.B. Cranfield, this one is still worth referring to. This title entered the public domain in 2018.

William Sanday [1843-1920] & Arthur Cayley Headlam [1862-1947], A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans. The International Critical Commentary, 5th Edn. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1908. Hbk. pp.450.

Click here to visit the Romans page for the link to this commentary and other free material.

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Introduction
    § 1. Romans in A.D. 58
    § 2. The Jews in Rome
    § 3. The Roman Church
    § 4. Time and Place, Occasion and Purpose
    § 5. Argument
    § 6. Language and Style
    § 7. Text
    § 8. Literary History
    § 9. Integrity
    § 10. Commentaries
  • Commentary
  • Detached Notes
    The Theological Terminology of Rom. i. 1-7
    The word dikaios and its cognates
    The Meaning of Faith in the New Testament and in some Jewish Writings
    The Righteousness of God
    St. Paul’s Description of the Condition of the Heathen World.
    Use of the Book of Wisdom in Chapter i 5
    The Death of Christ considered as a Sacrifice
    The History of Abraham as treated by St. Paul and by St. James
    Jewish Teaching on Circumcision
    The Place of the Resurrection of Christ in the teaching of St. Paul
    Is the Society or the Individual the proper object of Justification?
    The Idea of Reconciliation or Atonement
    The Effects of Adam’s Fall in Jewish Theology
    St. Paul’s Conception of Sin and of the Fall
    History of the Interpretation of the Pauline doctrine of dikaiosis
    The Doctrine of Mystical Union with Christ
    The Inward Conflict
    St. Paul’s View of the Law
    The Person and Work of the Holy Spirit
    The Renovation of Nature
    The Privileges of Israel
    The Punctuation of Rom. ix. 5
    The Divine Election
    The Divine Sovereignty in the Old Testament
    The Power and Rights of God as Creator
    The Relation of St. Paul’s Argument in chap. ix to the Book of Wisdom
    A History of the Interpretation of Rom. ix. 6-29
    The Argument of ix. 30-x. 21: Human Responsibility
    St. Paul’s Use of the Old Testament
    The Doctrine of the Remnant
    The Merits of the Fathers
    The Argument of Romans ix-xi
    St. Paul’s Philosophy of History
    The Salvation of the Individual: Free-Will and Predestination
    Spiritual Gifts
    The Church and the Civil Power
    The History of the word agape
    The Christian Teaching on Love
    The early Christian belief in the nearness of the parousia
    The relation of Chapters xii-xiv to the Gospels
    What sect or party is referred to in Rom. xiv?
    Aquila and Priscilla
  • Index
    • Subjects
    • Latin Words
    • Greek Words

Commentary on Romans by Handley Moule

Handley Carr Glyn Moule [1841-1920], The Epistle to the Romans

Handley Moule’s Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans is still regarded as being of value to preachers. My thanks to Book Aid for providing a copy of this public domain book for digitisation.

Handley Carr Glyn Moule [1841-1920], The Epistle to the Romans. London: Pickering & Inglis Ltd., n.d. Hbk. pp.437. [Click to visit the download page]

Table of Contents

  1. Time, Place and Occasion
  2. The Writer and His Readers (Romans 1. 1-7)
  3. Good Report of the Roman Church: Paul Not Ashamed of the Gospel (Romans 1. 8-17)
  4. Need for the Gospel: God’s Anger and Man’s Sin (Romans 1. 18-23)
  5. Man Given up to his own Way: The Heathen (Romans 1. 24-32)
  6. Human Guilt Universal: He Approaches the Conscience of the Jew (Romans 2. 1-17)
  7. Jewish Responsibility and Guilt (Romans 2. 17-29)
  8. Jewish Claims: No Hope in Human Merit (Romans 3. 1-20)
  9. The One Way of Divine Acceptance (Romans 3. 21-31)
    Detached Note
  10. Abraham and David (Romans 4. 1-12)
    Detached Note
  11. Abraham (2) (Romans 4. 13-25)
  12. Peace, Love, and Joy for the Justified (Romans 5. 1-11)
    Detached Notes
  13. Christ and Adam (Romans 5. 12-21)
  14. Justification and Holiness (Romans 6. 1-13)
  15. Justification and Holiness: Illustrations from Human Life (Romans 6. 14—7. 6)
  16. The Function of the Law in the Spiritual Life (Romans 7. 7-25)
  17. The Justified: Their Life by the Holy Spirit (Romans 8. 1-11)
  18. Holiness by the Spirit, and the Glories that Shall Follow (Romans 8. 12-25)
  19. The Spirit of Prayer in the Saints: Their Present and Eternal Welfare in the Love of God (Romans 8. 26-39)
  20. The Sorrowful Problem: Jewish Unbelief: Divine Sovereignty (Romans 9. 1-33)
    Detached Note
  21. Jewish Unbelief and Gentile Faith: Prophecy (Romans 10. 1-21)
  22. Israel However Not Forsaken (Romans 11. 1-10)
  23. Israel’s Fall Overruled, for the World’s Blessing, and for Israel’s Mercy (Romans 11. 11-24)
  24. The Restoration of Israel Directly Foretold: All is of and for God (Romans 11. 25-36)
  25. Christian Conduct the Issue of Christian Truth (Romans 12. 1-8)
  26. Christian Duty: Details of Personal Conduct (Romans 12. 8-21)
  27. Christian Duty; in Civil Life and Otherwise: Love (Romans 13. 1-10)
  28. Christian Duty in the Light of the Lord’s Return and in the Power of His Presence (Romans 13. 11-14)
  29. Christian Duty: Mutual Tenderness and Tolerance: The Sacredness of Example (Romans 14.1-23)
  30. The Same Subject: The Lord’s Example: His Relation to Us all (Romans 15. 1-13)
  31. Roman Christianity: St. Paul’s Commission: His Intended Itinerary: He Asks for Prayer (Romans 15. 14-33)
  32. A Commendation: Greetings: A Warning: A Doxology (Romans 16. 1-27)

Preface

He who attempts to expound the Epistle to the Romans, when his sacred task is over, is little disposed to speak about his Commentary; he is occupied rather with an ever deeper reverence and wonder over the Text which he has been permitted to handle, a Text so full of a marvellous man, above all so full of GOD.

But it seems needful to say a few words about the style of the running Translation of the Epistle which will be found interwoven with this Exposition. The writer is aware that the translation is often rough and formless. His apology is that it has been done with a view not to a connected reading but to the explanation of details. A rough piece of rendering, which would be a misrepresentation in a continuous version, because it would be out of scale with the general style, seems to be another matter when it only calls the reader’s attention to a particular point presented for study at the moment.

Page v.