Commentary on Epistles of Timothy and Titus by A.E. Humphreys

Alfred Edward Humphreys [1844-?], The Epistles of Timothy and Titus

This is a short commentary on the letters of 1 & 2 Timothy and Titus intended for use in Schools and Colleges. The author argues strongly for Pauline authorship in what appears to be a very useful introduction.

My thanks to Book Aid for making available a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

Alfred Edward Humphreys [1844-?], The Epistles of Timothy and Titus. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1897. Hbk. pp.271. [Click to visit the download page]

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Text and Notes
    1. The Genuineness and Date of the Epistles
    2. The Friends Addressed in the Epistles
    3. The Theme and Content of the Epistles
  3. Appendix
  4. Indices

External Evidence

There was never any doubt in the Church, from the first century down to the present, but that St Paul was the author of these epistles. The rejection by Marcion, as has been well pointed out, increases the force of this testimony, as it shews that attention was expressly called to the subject. And Marcion’s, Canon of Scripture was fixed not by the evidence of authenticity, but by his own approval of the contents, of any book.

The attack made in the present century upon the genuineness of the epistles relies upon arguments drawn from their internal characteristics. In estimating the weight to be attached to these arguments it is of importance to be first sufficiently impressed by the strength of the external evidence. Instead therefore of dismissing this side of the question in a sentence, it is well to place in view the different groups of testimonies down to the acknowledged position given to the epistles by the Church in Canon and Council.

Page 9

Top 10 Biblical Studies Downloads in 2018

It is great to see the free resources available via Theology on the Web being used. Here are the top nine articles (and one book) downloaded from in 2018.

  1. Figures of Speech in the Bible by Robert I Bradshaw [13,909 downloads]
  2. J. Paul Tanner, “The History of Interpretation of the Song of Songs,” Bibliotheca Sacra 154: 613 (1997): 23-46. [5,281 downloads]
  3. F.F. Bruce, “The Gospel of Thomas: Presidential Address 14 May 1960,” Faith and Thought 92.1 (1961): 3-23. [3,472 downloads]
  4. Robert E. Picirilli, “The Meaning of ‘Epignosis’,” Evangelical Quarterly 47.2 (Apr.-June 1975): 85-93. [3,386 downloads]
  5. F.F. Bruce, “Christianity Under Claudius,” Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 44.1 (March 1962): 309-26. [3,348 downloads]
  6. Edward J. Young, “The Background of Psalm 139,” Bulletin of the Evangelical Theological Society 8.3 (Summer 1965): 101-110. [3,233 downloads]
  7. Elmer Towns, “The Meaning of Heart in the New Testament,” Grace Journal 12.1 (Winter 1971): 36-45. [2,875 downloads]
  8. Burnett Hillman Streeter, The Four Gospels: A Study of Origins Treating of The Manuscript Tradition, Sources, Authorship, & Dates. London: MacMillan & Co., Ltd., 1930. [2,607 downloads]
  9. Bulus Galadima & Yusufu Turaki. “Christianity in Nigeria Part I,” Africa Journal of Evangelical Theology 20.1 (2001): 85-101. [2,605 downloads]
  10. Roy Yates, “Paul’s Affliction in Asia: 2 Corinthians 1:8,” The Evangelical Quarterly 53.4 (Oct.-Dec. 1981): 241-245. [2,495 downloads]

I am surprised by No. 1 – this indicates to me that there could be a demand for more material on figures of speech in the Bible.

Greek Text Commentary on 1 & 2 Thessalsonians by George Milligan

If you have a good grasp of New Testament Greek, George Milligan’s commentary on Paul’s letters to the Thessalonians will be of interest to you.

My thanks to Book Aid for making a copy of this public domain title available for digitisation.

George Milligan [1860-1934], St Pauls Epistles to the Thessalonians. The Greek text with Introduction and Notes. London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., 1908. pp.195. [Click to visit the download page]

Table of Contents



  • The City of Thessalonica
  • St. Paul and the Thessalonian Church
  • General Character and Contents of the Epistles
  • Langauge, Style, and Literary Affinities
  • Doctrine
  • Authenticity and Integrity
  • Authorities for the Text
  • Commentaries

Text and Notes

Analysis of 1 Thessalonians

  • Text and Notes of 1 Thessalonians
  • Analysis of 2 Thessalonians
  • Text and Notes of 2 Thessalonians

Additional Notes

  • St. Paul as a Letter-Writer
  • Did St Paul use the Epistolary Plural?
  • The Thessalonian Friends of St Paul
  • The Divine Names in the Epistles
  • On the history of euangelion, euangelizomai
  • Parousia. Epithaneia. Apokaluphis
  • On atakteo and its cognates
  • On the meanings of katexo
  • The Biblical Doctrine of Antischrist
  • The history of the interpretation of 2 Thess. ii. 1-12





  1. Inscriptions and Papyri
    (a) Inscriptions
    (b) Papyri
  2. Judaistic Writings

Greek Words


The Epistles to the Thessalonians can hardly be said to have received at the hands of English scholars the attention they deserve, in view not only of their own intrinsic interest, but of the place which they occupy in the Sacred Canon. They are generally believed to be the earliest of St Paul’s extant Epistles, and, if so, are, in all probability, the oldest Christian documents of importance that have come down to us. Certainly no other of the Pauline writings give us a clearer idea of the character of the Apostle’s missionary preaching, or present a more living picture of the surroundings of the primitive Christian Church. A detailed study of their contents is essential, therefore, to· a proper understanding of the Apostolic Age, and forms the best introduction to the more developed interpretation of Christian thought, which we are accustomed to describe as Paulinism.