Commentary on Romans by David Brown

David Brown [1803-1897], The Epistle to the Romans with Introduction and Notes

David Brown’s commentary on Romans is part of the handbooks for Bible Classes and Private Students series. My thanks to Book Aid for providing a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

David Brown [1803-1897], The Epistle to the Romans with Introduction and Notes. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1950. Hbk. pp.152. [Click to visit the Romans page for the download link for this title and other free resources]

Table of Contents


  1. Authenticity of the Epistle
  2. The Traing of the Writer
  3. When and Where this Epistle was Written
  4. Origin of the Roman Church
  5. Was the Roman Church a Jewish or a Gentle Church
  6. The Plan and Character of this Epistle
  • Address and Salutation
  • Theme of the Epistle
  • Salvation needed alike by all, and first, by the whole gentile world
  • The Jew under condemnation no less than the gentile
  • Jewish objections answered
  • The doctrine of justification by faith illustrated from the Old Testament
  • The blessedness of the justified
  • Comparison and contrast between Adam and Christ in their relation to the human family
  • The fruits of justification in the new life
  • The completedness of them that are in Christ Jesus stretching over all time into eternity
  • The true Israel has not been rejected—How Israel after the flesh has has fallen—and how, in the case of both, and in the calling of the Gentiles, the word of God has taken effect
  • The ultimate infringing of all israel to form, with the Gentiles, one kingdom of God on the earth
  • Christian service
  • Political and Social Relations
  • Christian Forbearance
  • Conclusion

Historical Commentary on the Galatians by William M. Ramsay

William M. Ramsay [1851-1939], A Historical Commentary on St. Paul's Epistle to the Galatians

Sir William Mitchell Ramsay’s Historical Commentary on Paul’s Letter to the Galatians was based on his own travels in Turkey in the late 19th Century. This research made him the foremost authority on the subject of his day and convinced the initially sceptical Ramsay that the New Testament was historically accurate. My thanks to Book Aid for making this public domain title available for digitisation.

William M. Ramsay [1851-1939], A Historical Commentary on St. Paul’s Epistle to the Galatians. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1899. Hbk. pp.478. [Click to visit the Galatians page for the download link for this title and other resources on this letter]

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  1. Preliminary
  2. North Galatia: Land and Peoples
  3. Pre-Galatic History of North Galatia
  4. The Pre-Gaulish Inhabitants of Galatia
  5. The Religion of Asia Minor
  6. Settlement of the Gauls in Galatia
  7. The History of Galatia B.C. 232-64
  8. The North Galatian State
  9. The Religion of North Galatia
  10. Galatia as a Roman Client State
  11. Origin of the Province Galatia
  12. History of the Province Galatia, B.C. 25-A.D. 50
  13. Civilisation of North Galatia under the Roman Empire
  14. Language and Letters in North Galatia
  15. The Influence of Christianity in North Galatia
  16. Later History of the Province Galatia
  17. The Cities and the Peoples of South Galatia
  18. The Jews in South Galatia
  19. Pisidian Antioch
  20. Iconium
  21. Lystra
  22. Derbe
  23. Summary
  • Historical Commentary


The attempt is made in this book to show how much light the Epistle to the Galatians throws on contemporary history in the widest sense-the history of religion, society, thought, manners, education- in the Eastern Provinces of the Empire. The introductory study of society and religion in Central Asia Minor may seem perhaps too elaborate; but it could not be put more briefly if any adequate conception were to be given of the forces acting on the minds of Paul’s Galatian hearers.

The Commentary is intended to be complete in itself, able to be read and folly understood without continually looking back to the Introduction. The Commentary was written first, and published in the Expositor, June,1898-September, 1899. Many passages have now been completely rewritten (after the Introduction had been composed), three chapters have been suppressed and eleven added.

My first intention was tacitly to carry out the South Galatian Theory, leaving the reader to contrast the flood of light thrown on South Galatia by the Epistle with its barrenness as regards North Galatia…

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Perhaps less well known is William M. Ramsay’s Historical Commentary on the Epistles to the Corinthians. This was originally Published in The Expositor, sixth series, 1900-1901 in 10 articles, but is available here as one file.

Commentary on Colossians by S.R. Macphail

Simon Ross Macphail [d.1912], The Epistle of Paul to the Colossians.

A brief commentary on Paul’s letter to the Colossians by Simon Ross Macphail [died 1912] in the Handbooks for Bible Classes and Private Students series. My thanks to Book Aid for providing a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

Simon Ross Macphail [d.1912], The Epistle of Paul to the Colossians. Handbooks for Bible Classes and Bible Students. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1911. pbk. pp.130. [Click to visit the download page for this title]

Table of Contents

  • Foreword
  • Introduction
  • Commentary
  • Appendix A. Outline of the Letter
  • Appendix B. Mithraism and Christianity
  • Appendix C. Manumission
  • Appendix D. Colossians and Ephesians
  • Appendix E. Words, etc., Specially Examined


When any one proposes to enter on the study of a portion of the New Testament, the first question which arises is, To which division of the New Testament does my present study belong? For there are two leading divisions. The one contains the narrative of our Lord’s earthly ministry (the four Gospels), and the other belongs to a subsequent time of special Revelation, when the Holy Spirit interpreted to the Apostles the full meaning of the Lord’s earthly mission, and also led them, as He had Himself promised, into much new truth. These two portions combined form the New Testament Revelation, and contain all through which the knowledge of grace and glory by Jesus Christ comes to men in every age. The New Testament is final Revelation, but New Testament theology, i.e. man’s grasp of the New Testament, is ever purifying, enlarging, and enriching…

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