Andrew B. Davidson’s Hebrew Grammar

Andrew Bruce Davidson (1831 – January 26, 1902)
Professor Andrew Bruce Davidson

Andrew Bruce Davidson (25 April 1831 – 26 January 1902) was Professor of Hebrew and Oriental languages in New College, University of Edinburgh. His Hebrew grammar has been continuously in print since it was published and is now in its 27th edition. However, the 24th edition is in the public domain, so if you have difficulty accessing print books this might be useful to you.

My thanks to Book Aid for making a copy available for digitisation.

Andrew Bruce Davidson [1831-1902], An Introductory Hebrew Grammar with Progressive Exercises in Reading, Writing and Pointing, 24th edn, 1932. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1874. Hbk. pp.236. [Click to visit the download page]

Table of Contents

  • Preface to 19th edition
  • Preface to 20th edition
  • Preface to 21st edition
  • Preface to 24th edition
  • Introduction
  1. Hebrew Alphabet
  2. Vowel Sounds. Vowel Letters
  3. External Vowel Signs, Massoretic Points
  4. Coalition of Massoretic and Textual Vocalization
  5. Principles of the Syllable
  6. The Vowel System and the Tone
  7. Daghesh. The Letters B’ghadhk’phath
  8. The Gutturals
  9. The Quiescents
  10. The Accents. Methegh. Maqqeph. Pause. Qere. Kethibh
  11. The Article
  12. Personal Pronouns
  13. Demonstrative, Relative, Interrogative, and other Pronouns
  14. Inseparable Prepositions
  15. The Conjunction
  16. The Noun. Inflection
  17. Cases. Construct state
  18. First Declension
  19. Pronominal Suffixes
  20. The Verb. Perfect
  21. The Imperfect, &c.
  22. Verb Active and Stative (Transitive and Intransitive)
  23. Jussive, Cohortative, Waw consecutive
  24. Scheme of the Regular Verb
  25. Niph’al
  26. Pi’el, Pu’al, Hithpa’el
  27. Hiph’il, Hoph’al
  28. Skeleton Paradigm of Regular Verb
  29. Second Declension
  30. Third Declension
  31. Verbal Suffixes
  32. Irregular or Weak Verbs
  33. Pe Nun Verbs and Nouns
  34. Pe Guttural Verbs and Nouns
  35. Pe ‘Aleph Verbs
  36. ‘Ayin Guttural Verbs and Nouns
  37. Lamedh Guttural Verbs and Nouns’
  38. Lamedh ‘Aleph Verbs and Nouns
  39. Pe Yodh and Pe Waw Verbs
  40. ‘Ayin Waw and ‘Ayin Yodh Verbs
  41. Nouns ‘Ayin Waw and ‘Ayin Yodh
  42. Double ‘Ayin Verbs
  43. Nouns Double ‘Ayin
  44. Lamedh He Verbs
  45. Apocopated Forms and Nouns Lamedh He
    Doubly Weak and Defective Verbs
    Table of Irregular Nouns
  46. Perfect, Imperfect, and Participle
  47. The Adjective, Comparison
  48. The Numerals
  49. Particles
  • English-Hebrew Vocabulary
  • Hebrew-English Vocabulary
  • Paradigms of Verbs
  • The Accents
  • Index of Subjects
  • Index of Hebrew Words

Benjamin Davidson’s Analytic Hebrew Lexicon

Benjamin Davidson, Analytic Hebrew LexiconOne of the advantages of helping sort donated books at Book Aid is that I can often find suitable material for digitisation. This very damaged copy of Benjamin Davidson’s Analytical Hebrew Lexicon would have gone into the recycling. Instead I have been able to disbind and scan it. This title is in the public domain.

Benjamin Davidson [d.1871], The Analytical Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon: consisting of an alphabetical arrangement of every word and inflectioncally and contained in the Old Testament scriptures, precisely as they occur in the sacred text, with a grammatical analysis of each word, and lexicographical illustration of the meanings: a complete series of Hebrew and Chaldee paradigms, with grammatical remarks and explanations. London: Samuel Bagster & Sons Ltd., [1850?]. Hbk. pp.874.  [Click here to visit the download page]


The instruction of a competent living Teacher is doubtless the most efficient means of acquiring any Language. Supplied with such help, the Student requires little more than the subject at heart, attention, and perseverance. And there cannot be said to be any lack of Teachers of the Hebrew Language in England; for, besides the Universities and Colleges with their qualified Tutors, there are numerous private teachers of sufficient ability. Suitable Books too are abundant and accessible.

A practical difficulty, however, remains: Students can rarely secure the advantage of oral instruction long enough to obtain a complete knowledge of Hebrew; and those especially who seek to qualify themselves for the Ministry of the Word of God, too frequently find their College Terms expire without their having attained proficiency: for, unlike the Classics, the Hebrew language is ordinarily taken up during the busiest period of life…