One of my aims in 2018 is to make available more biblical commentaries. Here are four on the books of first and second Kings; two short, two long. Colour maps are included, enhanced as much as possible to overcome the fading in the originals. All are in the public domain.
The commentary on the Pastoral Epistles by Alfred Plummer in the Expositor’s Bible Series is now available for free download in PDF.
Table of Contents
Chapter I – The Character and the Genuineness of the Pastoral Epistles
Chapter II – Timothy the Beloved Disciple of S. Paul – His Life and Character
Chapter III – The Doctrine Condemned in the Pastoral Epistles A Jewish Form of Gnosticism – The Gnostic’s Problem
Chapter IV – The Moral Teaching of the Gnostics.-Its Modern Counterpart
Chapter V – The Lord’s Compassion in Enabling a Blasphemer and a Persecutor to Become a Servant of Christ Jesus and a Preacher of the Gospel
Chapter VI – The Prophecies on Timothy. – The Prophets of the New Testament an Exceptional Instrument of Edification
Chapter VII – The Punishment of Hymenaeus and Alexander – Delivering to Satan an Exceptional Instrument of Purification – The Personality of Satan
Chapter VIII – Elements of Christian Worship: Intercessory Prayer and Thanksgiving – The Solidarity of Christendom and of the Human Race
Chapter IX – Behaviour in Christian Worship: Men’s Attitude of Body and Mind: Women’s Attire and Ornament
Chapter X – The Origin of the Christian Ministry: Various Certainties and Probabilities Distinguished
Chapter XI – The Apostle’s Rule Respecting Second Marriages: Its Meaning and Present Obligation
Chapter. XII – The Relation of Human Conduct to the Mystery of Godliness
Chapter XIII – The Comparative Value of Bodily Exercise and of Godliness
Chapter XIV – The Pastor’s Behaviour Towards Women – The Church Widow
Chapter XV – The Pastor’s Responsibilities in Ordaining and Judging Presbyters – The Works that Go Before and that Follow Us
Chapter XVI – The Nature of Roman Slavery and the Apostle’s Attitude Towards It – A Modern Parallel
Chapter XVII – The Gain of a Love of Godliness and the Ungodliness of a Love of Gain
Chapter XVIII – The Epistle to Titus – His Life and Character
Chapter XIX – The Church in Crete and its Organization – The Apostle’s Directions for Appointing Elders
Chapter XX – Christianity and Unchristian Literature
Chapter XXI – The Meaning and Value of Sobermindedness – The Use and Abuse of Religious Emotion
Chapter XXII – The Moral Condition of Slaves – Their Adornment of the Doctrine of God
Chapter XXIII – Hope as a Motive Power – The Present Hopes of Christians
Chapter XXIV – The Duty of Obedience to Authority with its Limits. – The Duty of Courtesy Without Limits
Chapter XXV – The Co-Operation of the Divine Persons in Effecting the New Birth – The Laver of Regeneration
Chapter XXVI – The Meaning of Heresy in the New Testament and the Apostle’s Directions Respecting Heretical Persons
Chapter XXVII – The Character and Contents of the Last Epistle of S. Paul – The Nemesis of Neglected Gifts
Chapter XXVIII – The Heartlessness of Phygelus and Hermogenes – The Devotion of Onesiphorus – Prayers for the Dead
Chapter XXIX – The Need of Machinery for the Preservation and Transmission of the Faith – The Machinery of the Primitive Church
Chapter XXX – The Christian’s Life as Military Service; as an Athletic Contest; as Husbandry
Chapter XXXI – The Power of a Belief in the Resurrection and the Incarnation – The Gospel of S. Paul
Chapter XXXII – The Need of a Solemn Charge Against a Controversial Spirit, of a Diligence Free From Shame, and of a Hatred of the Profanity which Wraps Up Error in the Language of Truth
Chapter XXXIII – The Last Days – The Bearing of the Mention of Jannes and Jambres on the Question of Inspiration and the Errors Current in Ephesus
Chapter XXXIV – The Perils of Rationalism and the Responsibilities of a Lifelong Contact with Truth – The Properties of Inspired Writings
Chapter XXXV – The Paradoxical Exultation of the Apostle – His Apparent Failure and the Apparent Failure of the Church – The Great Test of Sincerity
Chapter XXXVI – The Personal Details a Guarantee of Genuineness
Chapter XXXVII – The Apostle Forsaken by Men but Strengthened by the Lord – The Mission to the Gentiles Completed – The Sure Hope, and the Final Hymn of Praise
The following biblical commentary is now available for free download in PDF:
William Henry Lowe [1848-1947], The Hebrew Student’s Commentary on Zechariah. London: MacMillian & Co., 1882. Hbk. pp.155.
Commentary on Zechariah
Prolegomena to Chapters I.-VIII.
Personal to the Prophet
Of the personal history of the Prophet Zechariah hardly anything is recorded. He styles himself “Zechariah, son of Berechiah, son of Iddo, the prophet,” which certainly implies that he was the grandson of Iddo. But in Ezra v. 1, vi. 14 he is spoken of as “son of Iddo.” This, however, presents no difficulty, for similarly Jehu is mentioned as son of Jehoshaphat son of Nimshi (2 Kings ix. 14), while(ver. 20) he is called merely son of Nimshi. The father of Zechariah, and the father of Jehu, seem to have been (to use an illustration from modern times) somewhat in the position of Abraham Mendelssohn, they could both boast of being the father and the son of a man of reputation. Knobel’s supposition, then, that “son of Berechiah” (Zech. i. 1, 7) is an interpolation from Is. viii. 2, where Zechariah son of Jeberechiah is mentioned, is unnecessary. In Ezra v. 1, 2 “Zechariah son of lddo” is mentioned as prophesying in conjunction with “Haggai the prophet,” and being instrumental in bringing about the resumption of the work of rebuilding the Temple. We know nothing further for certain about him, except that he prophesied up to the month of Cislev in the 4th year of Darius. Something may, however, be deduced from circumstantial evidence.
Among the Priests and Levites who came up with Zerubbabel is mentioned “Iddo” (Neh. xii. 4), as one of heads of the priestly families (rashe haccohenim) in the days of Jeshua (see p. 32) the High Priest.Again in the days of Joiakim, the son of Jeshua (the High Priest), a Zechariah son of Iddo is mentioned (ver. 10, 12, 16) as one of the heads of families (rashe ha’abhoth), and that evidently among the Priests. From these facts it is deduced by many (and not unreasonably), that Zechariah (like Jeremiah and Ezekiel) was a priest as well as a prophet:and that (supposing the Iddo of Neh. xii. 4, 16 to be the same person that is mentioned in Zech. i. 1), while Zechariah began his ministry during the High-priesthood of Joshua, he was head of his family in the days of Joiakim the son of Joshua. Thus Zechariah’s father, probably died early and never became the head of his family, and Zechariah a young man at the time of the return from the Captivity.
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