Cross | Gospel of John | Greek | historical Jesus | linguistics

Where were the nail-prints in Jesus’ hands – in his wrists or his palms?

This question was raised last Saturday during a day conference on biblical archaeology at Tyndale House in Cambridge. Put simply the problem was stated as follows: Crucifixion normally involved nailing the victim to a horizontal beam through the wrist between the radius and the ulna (the two bones of the forearm). The nail was then…

1 Corinthians | 2 Corinthians | Apostolic Fathers | Didache | Paul

Andrew C. Clark on Apostleship: Evidence From the New Testament and Early Christian Literature

The following article is now available on-line in PDF: Andrew C. Clark, “Apostleship: Evidence From the New Testament and Early Christian Literature,” Vox Evangelica 19 (1989): 49-82. An interesting an wide-ranging study of what it the term “apostle” meant in the early church. The summary reads: W Bauer comments that in early Christian literature generally,…

1 Corinthians | Ephesians | Greek | women in the church

Wayne Grudem on “Does kephale (“Head”) Mean “Source” Or “Authority Over” in Greek Literature? A Survey of 2,336 Examples”

The following article is now on-line in PDF: Wayne Grudem, “Does Kephale (“Head”) Mean “Source” or “Authority Over” in Greek Literature? A Survey of 2,336 Examples,” Trinity Journal ns 6.1 (Spring 1985): 38-59. This is an important article for those interested in the role relationships of men and women because it fatally undermines the oft-repeated…